The only chance of sufficiently raising ambition in the next round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to meet the 1.5°C aim of the Paris Agreement, will be through real cooperation with equity on both mitigation and adaptation sides of the climate challenge.
A new report, Equity and the Ambition Ratchet: Towards a Meaningful 2018 Facilitative Dialogue - supported by a broad coalition of civil society organisations, groups and social movements from all over the world - says wealthy countries must urgently and dramatically deepen their domestic mitigation. And, to contribute their fair share, they must also support additional actions outside their own borders.
The 1.5°C objective requires profound action in developing countries too. This cannot realistically, or fairly, be expected without meaningful levels of international support.
Ultimately, these challenges will crystalize around the 2023 Global Stocktake, but the 2018 Facilitative dialogue will set important precedents. So it must pioneer a process for assessing the adequacy and fairness not only of collective ambition, but of individual country contributions as well.
The report says Parties should prepare to justify their efforts as fair contributions to a shared 1.5°C global effort. They should do so in transparent ways, measuring their contributions against fundamental equity principles. If their contributions fall short, they must be prepared to quickly strengthen them.
"We are demanding that ALL governments fulfill their duty and obligation to their citizens and all peoples of the world to pledge and carry out at least their fair share of climate actions. The NDCs clearly indicate that all countries must do much more. One of the immediate steps is to stop the expansion of fossil fuel industries. Further, rich countries must deliver climate finance so that building of renewable and democratic energy systems can be fast tracked in southern countries."
Lidy Nacpil, Coordinator - Asian Peoples Movement on Debt and Development (APMDD)
"There is no point in pretending that current climate change efforts are fair and equitable. The countries that have benefited most historically from consumption of fossil fuels and GHG emissions, and who as a result have the greatest financial and technological resources to combat it, have the greatest responsibility to act. Acknowledging this is an essential step to generating the political will and mobilization of resources necessary to close the gap between current efforts and getting on track to limiting warming to 1.5 degrees."
Mark Lutes, Senior Global Climate Policy Advisor, WWF-Brazil